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研究報告

更新日期: 2015-02-09
點閱數: 2,101

養殖生產區防洪研究-養殖生產區進排水路查詢系統擴充及防災應變研究

年度 2013
計劃名稱 養殖生產區防洪研究-養殖生產區進排水路查詢系統擴充及防災應變研究
中文摘要 台灣水產陸上養殖產業至今已有三百多年歷史,從虱目魚、牡蠣、文蛤、草蝦、斑節蝦、泰國蝦、鰻魚、吳郭魚、烏魚等,而今之石斑魚在各階段均提供國人每日需要之生鮮水產品,也給沿海漁民提供就業機會。衡量國人喜好生鮮水產品之生活習慣,水產養殖產業歷史,沿岸土地水土資源之分配,養殖漁業已是台灣重要產業之一。本計畫針對全國46區養殖漁業生產區(宜蘭縣7區、新竹縣1區、彰化縣3區、雲林縣8區、嘉義縣8區、台南市6區、高雄市4區、屏東縣7區、花蓮縣2區),擴充養殖漁業生產區網路版之排水路地理資訊系統,新增工務管理系統,運用此系統完全掌握養殖區進排水路工程補助及分布情形,並編撰排水工程規劃設計手冊及災害防救作業手冊,以提供相關養殖工程與決策。相關執行重要成果說明如下: 1.本計畫完成建置97~101年度漁業署補助彰化、雲林及嘉義地區之工程相關資料,包含「促進養值漁業與環境和諧計畫」、「重塑養殖環境計畫」、「地層下陷相關計畫」、「漁業產業重建計畫」、「國土復育相關計畫」等,其中彰化地區共計63件;雲林地區共計49件;嘉義地區共計72件。總計184件工程相關資料。 2.本計畫完成養殖生產區進排水路查詢系統擴充─工務管理系統部分,讓各縣市政府等提報單位詳實登錄每年欲申請工程維護之實際空間位置,進而建立完整之工程維護資料庫,提供後續工程維護及審核參考依據。 3.本計畫完成養殖漁業生產區規劃設計手冊,建立養殖漁業生產區內一套工程規劃及設計標準,除供現行養殖區相關工程之參考外,亦符合未來漁業署在〝流域綜合治理計畫〞之相關計畫上可直接應用。 4.本計畫完成養殖漁業生產區規劃設計手冊與養殖漁業生產區災害防救作業手冊,目前養殖區首要建立養殖生產區內之災前檢查與災中相關即時通報機制,以提升養殖漁業生產區域之災害預防及應變通報能力。
英文摘要       Taiwan's aquatic onshore aquaculture industry has more than 300 years of history, from the milkfish fish, oysters, clams, shrimp, prawn, Thai shrimp, eel, tilapia, mullet, and now the grouper are in various stages of fresh aquatic products to provide the daily needs of the people, but also provide employment opportunities to the coastal fishermen. Measure people preferences the fresh aquatic life habits, history of the aquaculture industry, coastal land soil and water resources allocation, the aquaculture industry is an important industry in Taiwan. Taiwan farmed fish farms so far, most have not been re-engineering (re-zoning), and because of the lack of ground fresh water, while kangaroo underground wells, and long-term extraction of groundwater caused by land subsidence, the original low-lying land even more low during heavy rain, hundreds of disaster, plus on relevant farming area into drainage channels and distribution far no relevant information, resulting in a huge improvement in the contribution in terms of funding, but has failed to fully improve The main reason, the aquaculture fisheries production fishponds drainage plain areas of farmland drainage area drainage characteristics significantly different, the aquaculture fisheries production area fish farms in the small-scale rainfall, rainfall most of the reservoir for fish farms , is not discharged; while the case to high connection continuity dropped rain, for the maintenance of farmed fish types can tolerate the salt level or avoid the pond embankment outburst, often with its self-set the pump speed up the drainage of the situation, makes its drainage flow volume load greatly increased, the surrounding The area flooded more serious. To this end, the face of coastal aquaculture industry type and physiographic features, the Fisheries Department has for the Area 46 the aquaculture fisheries production area (Tainan District 6, District 7 in Yilan County, Hualien County District Pingtung County 7 District, Kaohsiung 4, Yunlin County District, Hsinchu County, Chiayi County, District 8, Changhua County Zone 3) build development of the country's 46 district the aquaculture fisheries production area network version drainage channels and geographic information systems, to create an electronic database and build online query system, the use of this system master culture zone into drainage channel distribution. In addition, the Fisheries Department each year for the 46 District aquaculture fisheries production area public construction projects to improve the update provided grants so far but no complete information query and display system to integrate information, to allow the competent authority master Xianei grant project funding use situation on the details of the awarding facilities located exact location, drawing said, construction circumstances, the completion and acceptance situations, etc., intends to develop combined aquaculture production area into the drainage channels and query system of Public Works management subsystem, can provide subsequent relevant farming subsidies and decision-making reference . Another upgrade for 46 area farmed fisheries production area disaster response capabilities, develop the given drainage planning and design reference manual, and disaster prevention and relief operations manual, Lee to enhance flood control capacity in the region, and disaster preparedness and response during emergency use, to prevent (or reduce) the culture zone flooding occurs, another goal toward comprehensiveness solve the breeding area of the drainage problems.
計畫編號 102農科-14.1.5-漁-F1
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