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研究報告

更新日期: 2015-02-09
點閱數: 2,846

養殖水產品碳足跡標示之可行性研究

年度 2014
計劃名稱 養殖水產品碳足跡標示之可行性研究
中文摘要 面對全球氣候暖化,國際間開始導入碳足跡(Carbon footprint)的概念來標示一項商品或服務,所以由原料取得、製造、配送銷售、使用及廢棄處理回收等生命週期各階段產生之溫室氣體排放量,經換算為二氧化碳當量之總和。隨著國際趨勢日益重視碳足跡之標示與揭露,為避免影響日後我國漁產品之外銷競爭力,並提高養殖產業對環保的重視,增進其能源效率,我國應提早規劃養殖水產品標示「碳足跡」的相關工作。 本計畫已完成彙整先進國家之碳足跡相關之計算範疇、計算方式與評估準則,其中並針對養殖蝦類及貝類之碳排放盤查資訊進行蒐集整理。完成擬訂我國養殖白蝦及文蛤相關產品之「碳足跡產品類別規則(CF-PCR)」,並根據本計畫草擬之養殖白蝦及文蛤之碳足跡產品類別規則,計算有包裝之養殖白蝦冷凍產品及文蛤生鮮冷藏產品之碳足跡數據,作為下游商品計算之碳足跡數值之參考。根據本研究調查過程中所遇到的問題,評估推動水產品碳足跡標示所可能面臨的瓶頸與困難。  
英文摘要 The carbon footprint concept has been utilized by the international community as a labelling system on commodities and services in the face of global warming. Carbon dioxide is used as a quantifying indicator of greenhouse gas emissions from processes such as material acquisition, manufacture, distribution, sales, use, and waste treatment. This method is used to encourage manufacturers to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy efficiency. Currently, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Industrial Development Bureau, and Bureau of Energy are working with the Environmental Protection Administration to assist in the calculation of carbon footprints generated by all industrial goods. This parallels the international trend of placing emphasis on the labeling and disclosure of carbon footprints so that fishery products from our nation can maintain export competitiveness into the future. Furthermore, this study will increase the awareness of environmental protection in the farming industry. Our nation should take initiative to embark on the planning of carbon footprint labelling on farmed fishery products.         In this proposal, the carbon footprint product category rules (CF-PCR) for farming white-leg shrimps and shellfish, including mussels or oyster products, have been established based on calculation and estimation standards in developed countries. The CF-PCR of farming white-leg shrimps and shellfish will be set up, including data labeling and estimation standards in raw material sources, production, supply chain, usage and waste recycling. Bottlenecks and difficulties encountered in this process have also been evaluated.
計畫編號 103農科-11.3.2-漁-F1(3)
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