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研究報告

更新日期: 2015-02-09
點閱數: 2,761

水產物利用與品質安全研究

年度 2014
計劃名稱 水產物利用與品質安全研究
中文摘要 「水產物利用與品質安全研究」之中文摘要: 一、「常用環境用藥對養殖魚貨安全之風險評估」        一、環境用藥四級胺(BKC,苯扎氯铵)、聚维酮碘Povidone-Iodine、福馬林-(甲醛溶液) Formalin - Formaldehyde solution、戊二醛Glutaraldehyde、二氧化氯Chlorine Dioxide、次氯酸鈉Sodium Hypochlorite、硫酸銅Copper Sulphate、重鉻酸鉀Potassium Dichromate及高錳酸鉀Potassium Permanganate等用於水產養殖池塘管理,這些化學物質在職業危害方面雖無危害事證,但是皆存在輕微的風險程度;在環境生態危害方面則都具有低度風險程度,在食品危害方面並無危害事證,基本上沒有呈現食品風險。 二、「福島輻射風險事件對我國漁船捕撈秋刀魚及迴游性漁獲輻射污染採樣檢測及安全性之評估」        自日本311福島核電廠輻射外洩事件後,國人對於臺灣漁獲是否遭到輻射汙染十分關注。針對北太平洋週邊國家進行資料收集,包括日本、韓國、蘇聯、美國、加拿大等國家甚至歐盟等國家對日本福島事件所採取之對策,並藉由收集與分析鄰近日本之國家,對於福島事件所採取之對策與風險評估,或收集韓國及中國大陸對於核能電廠輻射外洩對水產品之因應對策(含風險評估及採樣檢測),收集美國、加拿大及俄羅斯等臨北太平洋水域國家對於核能電廠輻射外洩對水產品之因應對策,由各國所收集之資料,在發生初期,各國積極對自國國家週邊之水產品採集並檢測,由結果判斷,除日本外,並無檢出超過標準,而後續各國主要以進口邊境檢驗為主,而日本本身也因海水稀釋的作用,其檢出率越來越低,再後續的檢測中,也都符合標準。另本研究已完成主要12個魚市場之採樣,共採獲240件樣品,採樣魚種主要包含鮪、旗、鯊、鰹、鰆(土魠)、鯖、秋刀魚、鬼頭刀、飛魚及少量沿岸魚種,也採集72件於日本海方面捕獲之秋刀魚,採樣樣品送至行政院原子能委員會進行檢測;所有樣品的檢測結果皆為未檢出,依照此結果及參考其他研究報告後推論,由於海洋以及魚類的特性,於災區受汙染之魚類經由洄游的方式由高汙染海域洄游至低汙染海域時,體內輻射汙染可大幅降低。國人可以安心食用本國漁民所捕獲的水產魚類。 三、「養殖水產品碳足跡標示之可行性研究」        面對全球氣候暖化,國際間開始導入碳足跡(Carbon footprint)的概念來標示一項商品或服務,所以由原料取得、製造、配送銷售、使用及廢棄處理回收等生命週期各階段產生之溫室氣體排放量,經換算為二氧化碳當量之總和。隨著國際趨勢日益重視碳足跡之標示與揭露,為避免影響日後我國漁產品之外銷競爭力,並提高養殖產業對環保的重視,增進其能源效率,我國應提早規劃養殖水產品標示「碳足跡」的相關工作。 本計畫已完成彙整先進國家之碳足跡相關之計算範疇、計算方式與評估準則,其中並針對養殖蝦類及貝類之碳排放盤查資訊進行蒐集整理。完成擬訂我國養殖白蝦及文蛤相關產品之「碳足跡產品類別規則(CF-PCR)」,並根據本計畫草擬之養殖白蝦及文蛤之碳足跡產品類別規則,計算有包裝之養殖白蝦冷凍產品及文蛤生鮮冷藏產品之碳足跡數據,作為下游商品計算之碳足跡數值之參考。根據本研究調查過程中所遇到的問題,評估推動水產品碳足跡標示所可能面臨的瓶頸與困難。  
英文摘要 Abstract of \\"Study on utilization, quality and safety of aquatic products\\": 1. \\"Evaluation of risks associated with the common used of environmental chemicals in aquaculture\\" :       一、In order to understand the common environment drugs for aquaculture food safety concerns, and to maintain the quality and safety of aquaculture products. We collected and used for aquaculture environmental medicine risk information and specification, to assess the potential risk to the safety of farmed fish. Bactericides such as BKC, providone iodine, glutaraldehyde, formalin Chlorine Dioxide, Sodium Hypochlorite,Copper Sulphate,Potassium Dichromate and Potassium Permanganate are added to aquaculture pond and comments on occupational health and safety (OHS),environmental (ES) and food (FS) safety. Although these chemical substance for aquaculture in occupational health and safety were non-harm matter, but all have the slight risk level; In environmental safety aspect then all have the low risk level to comment, in food safety aspect and the non-harm matter, basically these chemical were not presented food risk in aquaculture. 2. \\"Saury and migratory fish to detect radiation contamination and assess the safety of the Fukushima incident radiation risk in Taiwan\\" :       A lot of people worry that seafood was polluted after Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. 124 samples were collected in this study at 12 fish markets in this study. All samples were delivered to the Atomic Energy Council to detect radiation contamination. Samples include tuna, flag, sailfish, bonito, shark, spaniard, spanish mackerel, mackerel, saury, dolphinfish, flying fish and some coastal fish. All of detection results are undetection. By our study and others research, we know that fish discharge most radioactive materials when it move from high pollution areas to the clean area. Taiwan’s seafood is safe. 3. \\"Feasibility study into the incorporation of carbon footprint labelling on aquatic products\\" :       The carbon footprint concept has been utilized by the international community as a labelling system on commodities and services in the face of global warming. Carbon dioxide is used as a quantifying indicator of greenhouse gas emissions from processes such as material acquisition, manufacture, distribution, sales, use, and waste treatment. This method is used to encourage manufacturers to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy efficiency. Currently, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Industrial Development Bureau, and Bureau of Energy are working with the Environmental Protection Administration to assist in the calculation of carbon footprints generated by all industrial goods. This parallels the international trend of placing emphasis on the labeling and disclosure of carbon footprints so that fishery products from our nation can maintain export competitiveness into the future. Furthermore, this study will increase the awareness of environmental protection in the farming industry. Our nation should take initiative to embark on the planning of carbon footprint labelling on farmed fishery products. In this proposal, the carbon footprint product category rules (CF-PCR) for farming white-leg shrimps and shellfish, including mussels or oyster products, have been established based on calculation and estimation standards in developed countries. The CF-PCR of farming white-leg shrimps and shellfish will be set up, including data labeling and estimation standards in raw material sources, production, supply chain, usage and waste recycling. Bottlenecks and difficulties encountered in this process have also been evaluated.              
計畫編號 103農科-11.3.2-漁-F1(Z)
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