Taiwan is one of the world’s top 20 fishing countries and one of the most
important fishing countries fishing on the high seas. According to the FAO
Agreement to Promote Compliance with International Conservation and Management
Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas (Compliance Agreement): “All
States have the right for their nationals to engage in fishing on the high
seas, subject to the relevant rules of international law, as reflected in the
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea... the objective...can be
achieved through specifying flag States’ responsibility in respect to fishing
vessels entitled to fly their flags and operating on the high seas, including
the authorization by the flag State of such operations, as well as through
strengthened international cooperation and increased transparency through the
exchange of information on high seas fishing...”.
This Agency thus
proposed the “Deep Sea Fisheries Sustainable Development Plan” to ensure the
sustainable development of Taiwan’s deep sea fisheries by enhancing the
fisheries management capacity, controlling of fishing capacity, and strengthening
the capacity in fisheries resource management and research, thus enabling Taiwan
to become a leading country in fisheries management.
1. Plan Objective
1.1. To encourage deep sea fishing
vessels to comply with the international measures.
1.2. To continue participating in
international organizations and protect the rights and interests of deep sea fishing
1.3. To ensure safety operations of
fishing vessels and fishermen and thereby creating a superb fishing environment.
1.4. To enhance the research quality
of fisheries resource and thereby improving Taiwan’s leadership in the international
1.5. To develop the superb image of Taiwan’s fishery products thereby expanding the
domestic and international markets for Taiwan’s fishery products.
2. Strategy Implementation Methods
According to international
law, no country should authorize its deep sea fishing vessels to fish on the
high seas, unless it has the capacity to manage them. However, the situation inTaiwanis somewhat different. Entrepreneurs have already developed huge deep sea fishing
fleets, and therefore, it is necessary for the government to enhance its management
capacity, assume its fisheries management responsibility, and enhance the capacity
of fisheries research, in order to enable Taiwan to become a leading country in
fisheries management. The Deep Sea Fisheries Sustainable Development Plan proposed
by this Agency is intended to be ongoing and in response to the future change
in environment it will continue to be implemented under the Deep Sea Fisheries
and Industrial Restructuring Plan.
Strategy 1: To continue implementing the
MCS (monitor, control and surveillance) policy and combating IUU (illegal,
unreported and unregulated) fishing.
Strategy 2: To allocate budget for continued
participation in international fisheries meetings for securing fishing quota
and fishing opportunities.
Strategy 3: To comply with international
management measures, in line with international management trends.
Strategy 4: To transfer fishing vessels in
the Indian Ocean to other oceans in order to address the growing incidents of piracy
in the Indian Ocean.
Strategy 5: To improve the quality of
crewmembers on fishing vessels through intensified training in order to
maintain the safe operations of fishing vessels.
Strategy 6: To enhance the quality of Taiwan’s
catch statistics and capacity in fisheries research, for use as important
reference for international fisheries resource management, and to improve
research and studies on international law and policies.
Strategy 7: To seek for closer cooperation
with the Pacific Islands countries and other coastal
countries, in order to secure the existing fishing grounds for the operations
of fishing vessels.
Strategy 8: To reinforce the sanitary and
safety accreditation for deep sea fishing vessels, to engage in strategic
alliance and diversified marketing for fishery products at home and abroad.