||Non-Japanese Anguillid species aquaculture is emerging in Taiwan. The development of an aquaculture industry can only be sustainable if it is well-developed in economic and production dimensions. In the economic dimension, this study collected the data about industrial input and output, and applied the economics and management theories in analysis, in order to determine the key factors of making profits, and propose the present and future development strategies of the non-Japanese Anguillid species farming industry. In the production technology dimension, this study explored the farming pool sediment and water quality management technology, feed ration management technology, probiotic prevention of disease prevention and management technology and the establishment of standard operating procedures of the non-Japanese Anguillid species, in order to promote the scientific management of aquaculture technology. The results showed that operating patterns, types and breeding pond species affect the profitability and investment of the industry. The economic indicators in different regions vary slightly. According to the production function analysis, the production elasticity of Anguilla bicolor pacifica and Anguilla bicolor bicolor is 2.42, and it is 1.07 of the swamp eel. The industries have economies of scale. In the direction of aquaculture production and management technology, this study established the microorganisms and water quality improvement product application technology for different farming environments. In addition to applying the management technology of using sodium humate as the feed additive of non-Japanese Anguillid species water quality improvement, and probiotics in the farming of swamp eel, this study evaluated 17 risk factors to establish the standard operating procedures of farming. For the future development of non-Japanese Anguillid species aquaculture in Taiwan, short-term strategies are proposed as follows: (1) use Taiwan’s aquaculture experience to overcome the technological problems of non-Japanese Anguillid species aquaculture technology; the processing technology of Taiwan can increase the advantages of non-Japanese Anguillid species products to obtain more market shares; (2) implement the various inspection systems to ensure the food safety and enhance product reliability, improve the competitiveness of exports of Taiwan’s aquaculture products; (3) strengthen production-sales cooperation to establish non-Japanese Anguillid species information sales platform and improve product negotiation capabilities; (4) use 4P and 4C marketing strategies to improve consumption demands in Taiwan, and establish basic market demand. The suggestions for long term development strategy are as follows: (1) create self-owned brands of non-Japanese Anguillid species to expand the international consumption market by brand image; (2) actively participate in international exchange of non-Japanese Anguillid species, learn different aquaculture technologies, improve production management capabilities, and increase international competitiveness; (3) develop multiple eel aquaculture varieties, utilize production technology, and make adjustment according to market demand and supply; (4) negotiate eel fry import supply agreements with eel fry production countries through the industry, the government and the academia to stabilize the sources and demand of eel fry. Accordingly, Taiwan’s non-Japanese Anguillid species farming industry is in the initial stage of the life cycle. Therefore, there are various production and management and other internal issues to overcome. In the future, if non-Japanese Anguillid species is listed in CITES, industrial development is bound to encounter external shocks. Hence, for the non-Japanese Anguillid species farming industry, in addition to the technical dimension of research and develpoment and mastering of key production technology, the short, medium and long term strategies should be carefully considered for the sustainable development of Taiwan’s eel farming industry.